Overview of the UK

Country: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (British).

National Day: June 11 (date of birth of current British Queen Elizabeth II).

Capital: London.

Population: 66 million (estimates for December 2017).

Ethnicity: British (83.6%), Scottish (8.6%), Welsh (4.9%), Northern Ireland (2.9%).

Administration: The UK consists of four main parts: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The kingdom shares borders with Ireland.

Currency: Great Britain Pounds (GBP)

Religion: Orthodox (57%), Protestant (15%), Christian (13%) and some other religions such as Hindu, Sikh, Jewish.

Language:  English are popular. Besides, there are some other local languages such as Wales, Scotland.

 

Geography

– Geographic location: An archipelago located in Western Europe. Border with the North Atlantic Ocean, North Sea and North West of France.

– Area: 243,610km2

– Terrain: The vast majority of the terrain of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is lowland, intermingled with mountains. England occupies more than half the total area of the United Kingdom, covering 130,395 square kilometers. Wales occupies one tenth of the total area of the United Kingdom, covering an area of 20,779 km2. Scotland occupies one third of the total area of the United Kingdom, covering 78,772 square kilometers. Northern Ireland is located northeast of Ireland island, occupies one sixth of the island.

Climate: The United Kingdom has a temperate climate, with a high rainfall throughout the year. Temperatures vary with the season, but rarely drop below -10 degrees Celsius or rise above 35 degrees Celsius. Winter in the UK is warmer thanks to the North Atlantic sea currents. Summer in the UK, the hottest weather is in the south east of England, due to its proximity to Europe Continental, while the north has cooler weather. In the UK, snow usually falls in winter and early spring. The driest weather is in the east and warmest in the south.

Economy

– The UK is one of the leading economic and financial centers, the third largest economy behind Germany and France in Europe. England has a thriving agriculture with modern European standard equipment system. Less than 2% of the workforce can produce 60% of the food output. There is also a large reserve of coal and natural gas.

– Services, banking, insurance and business services make a big contribution to GDP, while the industry is serious decline. But in general, the UK is still a country with a developed economy with high economic growth.

Britain is a very favorable country for investment. Beside the lowest price and business tariffs among the industrial countries, the UK has a well-developed telecommunications network.

Politic

Political institution: parliamentary monarchy.

– Constitution: The Constitution of the United Kingdom has existed for centuries. Unlike the United States Constitution, France and some Commonwealth countries, the United Kingdom Constitution is not incorporated into a unique instrument, which is included in the general laws (customary law, precedents law), law departments and conventions.

Legislature: Parliament: Legislature representing the British people consists of three elements: the king, the House of Commons and.

– Law enforcement authorities: The Queen (the King) is head of the State, according to the hereditary regime. Prime Minister is head of the Government. Currently, Queen is Mrs. Elizabeth II, Prime Minister is Mr. David Cameron (Conservative Party).

– Judiciary: Appeal Court (UK House of Lords), Supreme Court. The judicial system operates under the leadership of the President of House of Lords (both the Chief Judge and a member of the Government). As a rule, the Chief Justice (under the direction of the Prime Minister) has the right to appoint judges of all courts in England.

Major parties: In the United Kingdom there are three major political parties, the Labor Party – the ruling party – the Conservative Party and the Liberal Democrats Party.

Cultural

United Kingdom – a multicultural country, it is reflected through the following highlights:

– The dress: The British are quite laid back in dressing, they value comfort rather than seriousness. However, when interviewing, the British are very focused on the costume, need to wear a suit, polite.

– Greetings: Shaking hands is the most common when meeting new person. Sometimes the British are interested in small details such as eye contact. When you first meet, you should avoid asking private questions such as income, love, age …

– Gender quality: In England, men and women are treated equally.

– Eating: When eating, the British are holding a fork on the left and a knife on the right. Upon finishing, you should put the knife and the right side of the plate to show you do not want to eat more food.

Sports: British people love sports. When you go into the park you will see many people walking, jogging or cycling. Taking a sport is not only about improving your health, but it is also a great way to make friends.

– Art: The performing arts are also very special and developed. Music, drama, film, dance and opera are all performed in theaters, concert halls and studios across the country on evenings of the year.

Cuisine

The traditional British meal is rich in meat, fish, dairy products, herbs and vegetables. Spices are also indispensable in the culinary culture of the United Kingdom.

Afternoon tea is served with sandwiches, pies or cakes …

Tourist destination

Britain is great and there are many places of interest. England has many great cities, beautiful, most famous can be described as:

– London: The capital of England and the United Kingdom a large capital, capital of finance, culture and fashion of worldwide. London is considered Europe’s largest city.

London has four world heritages: the Tower of London; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; The area includes Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and St. Mary’s Cathedral. Margaret; Greenwich Historic settlements (including the Royal Observatory mark the Greenwich Meridian) These are places that anyone visiting London would like to visit.

– Birmingham: The most populous city in the United Kingdom, is a technology center, attracting many visitors. It is a cultural, sports, arts, shopping and communication center.

– Bristol: A large city in the south of England, behind London, lively music place, lovely historic buildings and attractive piers.

Liverpool: Well-known as the maritime city, and the birthplace of the Beatles – the cultural capital of Europe in 2008.

– Nottingham: home of Robin Hood and Nottingham Palace.

– Manchester: Cultural, sport, entertainment, shopping and communication center. This is the most visited city in the UK after London and Edinburgh.

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