Country: Republic of Singapore.
Population: 5,713,248 million
Ethnicity: Multicultural – the most multi-cultural of Asia with ethnic groups mainly Chinese, Malay, Indians, Peranakans and Eurasians.
Currency: Singapore Dollar (SGD)
Religion: Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism, Christianity.
Language: Chinese (Mandarin, official) 35%, English (official) 23%, Malays (official) 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9% Tamil (official) 3.2%, and other languages 2.7%
Located in Southeast of Asia. Singapore consists of a lowland island and 56 smaller islands, between Malaysia and Indonesia, which are linked to Malaysia by high embankment roads.
Climate: Tropical, humid, with two seasons, with an average temperature of 26 degrees Celsius, average humidity: 84.4%, average rainfall: 2,359mm; Affected by seasonal fog and smoke due to forest fire from Indonesia.
Singapore was a British colony from 1819, then joined the Federation of Malaysia in 1963 and split into an independent nation on September 8, 1965. Singapore, with the ingenious leadership of Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew, has become one of the most prosperous countries in the world with strong international business links (Singapore’s seaport is one of the busiest seaports in the world). In 2013, Singapore’s GDP per capita reached 61,100 as high as the leading European countries.
According to the institution of the House of Commons (parliamentary democracy), the one-institute regime, (since 1959).
The Constitution was promulgated on 3 June 1959 and amended in 1965 and the last in 1996.
The President is elected by a majority of votes for a term of six years, the most recent election on August 27, 2011. The leader of the majority party or coalition party will be elected to be Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister also chosen by the Prime Minister.
Legislative system: Congress of the monopoly consists of 84 seats, the parliament elected for a five-year term. In addition, there are 9 nominated members, and 3 candidates of Opposition Party with the nearest votes to the winner can also be elected. The last National Assembly election was held on June 5, 2011.
+ President: Tony Tan Keng Yam (from 01/09/2011);
+ Prime Minister: Lee Hsien Loong (from 12/08/2004);
+ Minister of Industry and Trade: Lim Hng Kiang.
Motto of external relations:
+ Maintaining a reliable defense;
+ Be friends with all countries;
+ Fully support to commitment with ASEAN;
+ Maintain a safe and peaceful environment in Southeast Asia and Asia-Pacific;
+ Maintaining a free and open multilateral trading system;
+ Be willing to establish trade relations with any country for mutual benefit and maintain open market.
Singapore has almost no natural resources and raw materials are imported from the outside, every year they have to import rations, food and fresh water to meet the needs in the country. However, Singapore has built its leading development infrastructure system and industry in Asia and in the world such as seaports, transportation systems, shipbuilding and ship repairing industry, oil refining industry, processing, electronics and component assembly …
Singapore has a highly developed and successful free-market economy. Singaporeans enjoy a diverse, healthy and non-corrupt open economy, the highest per capita income in the world. However, in 2014 Singapore was listed of 10 most expensive countries in the world.
Singapore’s economy is heavily dependent on exports, especially consumer electronics, information technology products, pharmaceuticals and financial banking. In 2012 due to the global economic crisis, Singapore’s GDP growth was only 1.3% but rose to 3.7% in 2013, with inflation at 1.5%.
Singapore is a pioneer in the transition to a knowledge-based economy, with the goal of becoming a world-leading city by 2018, a focal point for new networks in the global and Asia region.
Culture – society
Number of literate people reached 93%; male: 95.9%; female: 86.3%.
Compulsory free education for 10 years (from 6 to 16 years old). After completing six years of primary school, students must complete four years of high school, with up to 100% of the students attending primary school, about 70% of them are in high school. All children who complete high school may enroll in vocational schools or universities. Children are taught in their mother tongue and English. The National University of Singapore, established in 1988, has a variety of specialty. Young people often go abroad for higher education.
Tourist attractions: Sentosa, Merlion, Marina Bay, Garden by the Bay, Victoria Theater, Singapore Flyer, Singapore Universal Studios, Safari Zoo, Jurong Bird Park … Shopping Area: Orchard road, Bugis , Marina Bay Sand, Vivo City, Mustafa …